A Martini is a classic cocktail made with gin (or vodka) and dry vermouth. It is known for its elegance and simplicity. The drink is typically stirred with ice and strained into a chilled glass. Garnish options include a lemon twist or olive. Variations include the dirty Martini with olive brine or a cocktail onion.
A general recipe for a classic gin Martini:
2 1/2 ounces (75 ml) gin
1/2 ounce (15 ml) dry vermouth
Lemon twist or olive for garnish (optional)
Some people prefer their Martinis "dry," which means using less vermouth, while others prefer them "wet" with a higher proportion of vermouth. The ratios can be adjusted according to personal taste.
It's worth mentioning that the Martini is a versatile cocktail, and there are numerous variations and interpretations. Some common variations include the dirty Martini (with a splash of olive brine), the Gibson (garnished with a cocktail onion), or the Vesper Martini (made famous by James Bond, combining gin, vodka, and Lillet Blanc).